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Gain-to-noise-temperature

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Antenna gain-to-noise-temperature (G/T) is a figure of merit in the characterization of antenna performance, where G is the antenna gain in decibels at the receive frequency, and T is the equivalent noise temperature of the receiving system in kelvins. T is the summation of the antenna noise temperature and the RF chain noise temperature from the antenna terminals to the receiver output. Satellite antenna aperture is closely related to quality factor(G/T value)of earth station. G/T value and satellite power demand, i.e. equivalent rent bandwidth, show logarithmic linear relationship. In other words, the value of equivalent rent bandwidth increases with the narrowing of antenna aperture. Therefore, when selecting earth station aperture, it is not the smaller, the better.


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